Friedrich Fröbel Museum Bad Blankenburg
Friedrich Froebel Museum Bad Blankenburg

The Birth of the Kindergarden

The "House above the basement" ("Haus ueber dem Keller") is situated in the Esplanade at Bad Blankenburg, Thuringia and it is the birthplace of the kindergarten. Here Friedrich Froebel started to try out his "Gifts" with the children of the town in 1839. In 1840 he coined the nice term "Kindergarten" that entered the languages all over the world.

With the foundation of the first kindergarten at Blankenburg, Friedrich Wilhelm August Froebel (1782–1852) initiated an educational revolution in the early childhood education. Already in 1840 Fröbel demanded that the kindergarten should be free of charge for all children.

The exhibition

The Friedrich-Froebel-Museum inaugurated in 1982 as an authentic place of early childhood education reconstructs the beginning of the kindergarten.

The concept of the exhibition contains, among other things, a recount of his life, his educational programme and the historic effects of his educational philosophy on present day education on a national and international level. Preserved furniture and equipment from Froebel’s apartment at Blankenburg (1846) made an authentic reconstruction of his work and living rooms possible. A particular attraction is the kindergarten room in the museum. Here, children and adults have the opportunity to play.


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