Coins and medals illustrate the historic significance of a princely house and are of great importance, especially in regard of the Middle Ages. The inventory contains about 5,000 objects, among them 523 dies. The collection was scientifically filed. There is evidence of a coin cabinet in the city palace of Ludwigsburg in 1738, and in 1776 also in Heidecksburg Palace. Ludwig Albert Walther also made an inventory of the collection in 1776.